Internet Of Things (IoT)

Internet Of Things (IoT)

30 APRIL 2019

Do you think internet has changed your life?? Well, think again. IOT is about to change it all over again.

We all know what separates humans from other living beings? It’s Curiosity. Humans are curious by nature. We question a lot. This curiosity has made humans to evolve from early hominids to civilized beings.Now, how big is this IOT? It is moving like a huge wave that has gone beyond laptops and smartphones towards connected cars, smart homes, smart cities and connected healthcare. In short,a connected LIFE. The vision of IOT is to make machines smart enough in order to reduce the human labor to almost nil. For example, a light-bulb which can be switched on using a smartphone app is a simple IOT device. By definition, IOT’s are sensors and actuators which are embedded in physical objects that are linked through wired and wireless networks.

It was invented in the year 1999. Back then, it was called “embedded internet” or “pervasive computing”. Kevin Ashton, a visionary technologist, wanted to attract senior management attention to a new exciting technology called RFID(Radio-frequency Identification). Because the internet was the hottest new trend in 1999 and since it made sense, he coined the term “Internet of Things” for his presentation. Devices are usually dumb, just add a level of digital intelligence and enable them to communicate with real-data without involvement of human-being. IOT is great news because it ups the ante. The sound of ‘reaching out and touch somebody’ is changing to ‘reaching out and touch everything’. It definitely sounds fabulous. IOT goes with the motto ‘Connect the unconnected’. As per Cisco report, it will generate $14.4 trillion in the next decade. IOT will definitely bring a wave that nobody can foresee. It is reaching escape velocity. It has propelled by an exceptional convergence of trends.

A simple architecture of IOT looks like this:

Data goes from smart devices to the cloud via gateways (doorway). Data Lake is used to store that data in their original format. The filtered and preprocessed data are extracted from Data Lake to a big data warehouse. Data analysts can use data from data warehouse to find the trends. With machine learning, there is an opportunity to create more precise and more efficient models. Web and mobile applications can monitor or control their smart things.

An interesting fact of IOT is that by 2020, it is expected that there will be 24billion IOT devices, according to BI intelligence. Think of smart traffic lights that collect data on traffic and use those data to sync lights to peak traffic times. Most will be used by businesses and governments, but a large portion will be used by consumers.

The future is happening now and these devices are getting smarter everyday with machine learning and artificial intelligence. The more data that IOT collects, the smarter it becomes. With billions of IOT devices being connected to the open internet, it is highly necessary for ensuring these devices are secure. Upcoming IOT is virtually unlimited and it is each and everyone’s duty to keep the ethics in mind as we approach a new revolution.

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